Do you know why history is so important? Not only it makes you smarter but also it helps avoid mistakes that were made in the past. History has tons of bright examples when one mistake or one illiterate person killed billions of people. One of the most large scale events is World War I. There is no person, who hasn’t ever heard about it. But do you know all the details and did you learn that lesson?
As a result of the military conflict, four empires ceased to exist: Austro-Hungarian, German, Russian and Ottoman Empires. More information about the events of World War One you can find in our videos.
On June 28, 1914, in Sarajevo, Serbian student Gavrilo Principle killed the successor to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The assassination in Sarajevo caused a series of subsequent events in international politics, which resulted in a full-scale war.
On July 28, 1914, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. In response, Russia has begun a general mobilization. August 1, 1914 Germany declared war on Russia and began an invasion of the Benelux countries. On August 3, Berlin declared war on Paris. On August 4, Great Britain entered the war, declaring war on Germany. Finally, on August 6, Austria-Hungary was in a state of war with Russia.
The countries of the Fourth Alliance (Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire) entered into a military confrontation with Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy and the USA for the distribution of spheres of influence in the world. However, the President of the US, Woodrow Wilson, ensured that America didn’t participate in the conflict with Europe.
In 1915, the main fronts remained Eastern and Western, although fighting was also taking place in the Middle East, Africa, the Far East, and Oceania. Recognizing that it was impossible to achieve a decisive success in the war on two fronts, the German command decided to move to the Western Front for strategic defense, and the main forces to focus in the east to strike a decisive blow against Russian troops and withdraw Russia from the war.
At sea, the British passenger ship RMS Lusitania was sunk by the submarine, which resulted in 1198 deaths of civilians, including 128 Americans. President Woodrow Wilson and the American public were outraged. In response to US reservations, Germany agreed to stop attacks on passenger ships.
In early 1916, the main forces of the German army were concentrated on the Western Front. In February, they began their offensive near Verdun, covering the way to Paris. The German command hoped to break through the defenses of the Allies by a quick and massive attack, destroying all the fortifications of the French with mighty artillery.
In August 1916 Romania joined the war on the side of the Entente. Under the pressure of the Austrian and German troops, the Romanian army retreated, leaving its territory to the enemy. Only at the end of the year, with the support of the Russian army, was able to stop the Austro-German troops captured by Bucharest and most of the oil wells.
The United States was a country that did not want to defeat of the Entente. For a long period of time, it was unprofitable for them to enter the war because the United States supplied arms of the Entente countries with ammunition, food, and with the countries of the Austro-German block traded through neutral countries. In 1914, the
American debt to countries in Europe, mainly Britain, amounted to about $ 6 billion. During the war, they not only paid back debts but also turned from the debtor of European states to the creditor (loans totaled over $ 10 billion). The possible defeat of the Entente could make it difficult to return these enormous funds. Also, the US government wanted the country to play a more important role in international politics, and not take part in the war.
Show your attitude to the past events at the comments. Do you know which turn of events was in 1916? What had been the outcome? Look through the second part of World War One guide.